Who Was The First Supreme Court Justice – Although every effort has been made to follow the rules of citation style, there may be some discrepancies. If you have any questions, please refer to the appropriate style guide or other sources.
Sidney Grannan Sydney Grannan was a trainee editor at the Encyclopedia. He got the BB. in English from the University of Chicago in 2016.
Who Was The First Supreme Court Justice
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The Supreme Court of the United States (SCOTUS) was created by Congress in 1789 and serves as the head of the United States federal court system. The Supreme Court is the court of last resort, and most of its importance comes from the fact that it is an appellate body, that is, a body that has the power to review and change the decisions of lower courts, because it does not hear many cases each. . year How did the United States decide that nine was the magic number of justices to sit on its most powerful bench?
Basically, the US Constitution gives Congress the power to determine how many judges are on SCOTUS. This number varies from 5 to 10 people, but since 1869 it has been set at 9 people. And a number of Supreme Court justices have been used politically over the years.
Take the Congressional beef with President Andrew Johnson. (He was Abraham Lincoln’s vice president and successor.) Congress disliked Johnson because its members believed that he had abused his presidential power by appointing the respected Secretary of War, Edwin M. Lincoln. Stanton was fired. Congress wanted to limit Johnson’s power as much as possible. He passed a law in 1866 that reduced the number of justices from 10 to 7 so that Johnson could not appoint a new justice. However, Congress’ decision was short-lived; SCOTUS was reduced to just eight justices before the 1869 decision to limit the number of justices to nine. Not surprisingly, this was the same year that Andrew Johnson ceased to be president.
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Congress is not the only branch of government trying to change the power structure. President Franklin Roosevelt introduced a reorganization bill in Congress that would allow the president to appoint a new judge for anyone over the age of 70. Congress, of course, didn’t oblige: It was seen as a courtship plan that would give Roosevelt too much power. Roosevelt’s motivation was to advance his New Deal, which SCOTUS had consistently worked against during the president’s first term.
So, is the number of justices on the US Supreme Court significant? Maybe not. But we can certainly follow a good political story to see how it got there. Sandra Day O’Connor was nervous when she entered the Supreme Court in 1981 as the nation’s first female justice.
“It’s nice to be the first to do something, but I didn’t want to be the last woman on the Supreme Court,” O’Connor said in 2012. too long to get another one.” , so that made me very nervous.
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Now, President Joe Biden is poised to put another woman in the top spot on the court. The person who wants to be the first black female justice becomes an instant celebrity and faces a unique set of pressures.
Just being a new judge on a court of nine can be an adjustment. Judge Amy Coney Barrett recently described job training as “like learning to ride a bike with all the spectators”. The new justice, the fifth woman in the court’s history, said in a speech this month that “being a public figure takes a lot of getting used to.”
They include Roger B. Teny, the first Catholic court entered in 1836. Louis Brandeis was the first Jewish member of the court in 1916. Thurgood Marshall was the court’s first black justice in 1967. Justice Sonia Sotomayor became its first Latina justice in 2009. .
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In a public appearance in 2018, Sotomayor acknowledged the burden of being the only black woman on the court, calling it a “really big burden” and “a big responsibility.”
“I think there’s a need for role models for women in general,” she said, citing O’Connor and Ruth Bader Ginsburg, the court’s second female justice, as inspirations. “But for women of color, people in high positions are not that frequent, and certainly not that many.”
Women, and especially black women, often feel pressure to be the fittest in the room to avoid the criticism and excessive questions they may receive about their fitness.
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“They have to be perfect enough to insulate themselves from criticism,” said Maya Sen, a political scientist at Harvard’s John F. Kennedy School of Government who studies issues of gender, race and the law.
Sotomayor almost decided to go through with his candidacy. Deeply hurt by the articles after his nomination that showed him to be unintelligent and unpopular in the courtroom, he considered withdrawing from the trial. But at that moment, a friend of the 8-year-old girl told her: “It’s not about you, you’re single. … It’s about my daughter needing to see someone like her in a position of power. Sotomayor stayed.
Black women have a legacy of legal expertise. Lawsuits that fail in federal court due to lack of jurisdiction are demanding, writes Lynn Washington Jr.
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Biden said he would nominate “someone with qualifications, character, experience and integrity.” White House Press Secretary Jen Psaki says she will have a “flawless experience.” Connecticut Sen. Richard Blumenthal, among the Democrats who met with Biden earlier this month about the nomination, said he expected the nominee to “really help bring the country together.”
Some Republicans, including former Vice President Mike Pence, criticized Biden’s promise to nominate a black woman to the court. Texas Sen. Ted Cruz called it “insulting,” though he promised on “Fox News Sunday” to “consider this nomination on the record,” saying the Senate would focus on “the substance and the type of justice that will be done.” will do.
Democrats in the Senate expect to independently confirm Biden’s nomination, but they and the president want to see bipartisan support. The three main contenders for the post are Ketanji Brown Jackson, a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia; Leondra Krueger, Member of the California Supreme Court; and J. Michelle Childs, a federal judge in South Carolina.. Biden said he will announce his choice later this month.
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By the time he joined the court, Marshall was already a legendary civil rights figure, just the latest in a string of historic successes. Mark Tushnet, a former Marshall staffer who compiled a book of Marshall’s speeches and writings, said he doesn’t remember the justice speaking outright about being the first black person on the court.
Marshall has schools and courthouses named after him. In Sotomayor’s case, a public housing development where he grew up was renamed in his honor. Marshall and Brandeis are among the judges honored with postage stamps by the United States Postal Service.
In general, according to the e-mail, the future Justice Biden can expect to receive not only congratulations, but also requests to speak. Sotomayor has a basket and a mail basket. O’Connor owns trucks. Most writers were supportive, but some men resented O’Connor’s dating, sending nude photos of themselves, author Evan Thomas wrote in his autobiography, “Before.”
History Of Women On The Supreme Court
O’Connor largely abandoned the raw protest. One of her sons, Jay O’Connor, said his mother’s answer to all the doubts was to throw herself into her work and make sure she was incredibly prepared.
Jay O’Connor said that even after decades of his leadership, women in particular go to his mother and tell him they remember where they were when they heard the news that President Ronald Reagan had singled him out. They wanted her to know how deeply this announcement meant to them.
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One of the court’s liberal attorneys wrote in a dissent that the effect of the decision was “to flag gays and lesbians for second-class status.”
A web designer can refuse to create a wedding website for same-sex couples, a request from a man he says he never asked to work with, the US Supreme Court has ruled.
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The leader of a Delaware HBCU says the SCOTUS decision will “undoubtedly” have a chilling effect on educational opportunities for people of color. Although every effort has been made to follow the rules of citation style, there may be some discrepancies. Please apply
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