Music Key – Joe Mulholland, following information on the Fifth Circle. Adapted from the Berklee Music Application and Theory courses by Eunmi Shim and Music Foundations by Yumiko Matsuoka and Gaye Tolan Hatfield. Both courses are already registered.
The circle of fifths is the most helpful way to visually organize the 12 chromatic keys of Western music theory for study. Looking at the notes circled will help you understand the structure of the major and natural scales and how they relate to each other.
So how do you first get to know yourself in the fifth circle? Before you look at that circle, take a look at your keyboard. Start with the lowest C (leftmost) and work your way up the fifth. Open Star Notes:
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Notice what happens: we end up returning C . In progress, C, all 12 possible notes. C♯ D D♯ E F F♯ G G♯ A A♯ B. Can you describe it simply? First, a quick overview and exercise to point you in the right direction.
You probably already know that notes can have more than one name. For example, C♯ is the same as D♭, and A♯ is the same as B♭. These two notes are called enharmonic, spelled differently. It’s a term you hear a lot in Berklee and in the world of professional music.
Check out the full 5ths keyboard. Then, Write down the ascending notes from the highest C. This time, name the black keys using only black spaces.
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When you do it, when you go from C to 5ths. I have noticed that I have sharper cuticles. As we descend from C, the reverse is true: we gain scales—and key signatures—as we move up.
Illustration: When you increase 5 parts from C, you get sharper scales. As we descend from C, the reverse is true: we gain scales—and key signatures—as we move up.
We can describe this important pattern as a circle: the famous circle of fifths you see in a simplified version at the top of this article. and can be described in black and white below.
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During this time, consider the progression of sharp tones in increments of 5 as you move from key to key. Memorize key captions for each scale.
As mentioned in the video, We can continue with six sharps (F♯ major) and seven sharps (C♯ major). Notice that there is a pattern: whenever you build a major scale, rising to a perfect fifth (or P5). You need to add a new oyster. This sharp new note always falls on the 7th scale (pioneer tone); That’s one and a half degrees below the performers.
Another way to look at the commas in the fifth circle is to look at the relationship between the gaps in the staff lines.
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When writing music in a key with sharps or flats. It is convenient to use a key certificate. The key signature is the set of all sharpening or tablets required for a given scale and appears at the beginning of each stave after sharpening. Key signatures can contain up to seven spikes and seven flats.
Here are the key captions that show the skyrocketing numbers. The seven-note key signature indicates that all seven notes in the scale are sharp; This is the case with the key of C♯ major or its relative A♯ minor.
It is helpful to look at the circle of fifths in different ways; Here’s what smart people look like on staff lines.
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F C G D A E B It is very important to remember the seven sharp points. Notice that they go up from one P5 to the next. It is also important to know exactly where the sharps are placed on the cane. especially the fifth acute; A♯ It is important to know the location of the sharp points at both ends. Think of a major scale name for each key and practice writing them by hand.
When you look at the circle of fifths, you will see that each letter represents a key. The wheel is like a clock with 12 notches. If you go clockwise; Each key is P5 more than the previous one, and the number of pellets increases for each smaller P5. Here is part of the circle representing sharp keys.
The right side of the fifth round shows the sharp spots when a player advances to a perfect 5th place.
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Here you can see these keys on the piano keyboard ascending from P5 to C to C♯. Play these notes on the keyboard and think about the number of sharps for each key.
Now we can try to build major scales in the opposite direction, starting with C major and gradually going down to P5. Note that a decrease in P5 is equivalent to an increase in P4. We repeat the same pattern: W W H W W W H . In this example, W stands for a whole step and H for a half step.
The scales can be continued with six-voices (G♭ major) and seven-voices (C♭ major). Notice that there is a pattern: whenever we go down in P5 and build a major scale; You need to add a new apartment.
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As with acutes, another way to look at flats in the fifth circle is to look at the relationship between the spacing of the lines of the staff.
Here are the main signatures of property growth. The seven-bar key signature indicates that all seven notes in the scale are flat; This is the case with the key of C♭ major or its relative A♭ minor.
As with the acutes, it’s helpful to look at the Fifth Circuit in many ways, and the suites look like they’re on a staff line.
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It is very important to remember the order of the seven apartments: B E A D G C F. Notice that P5 falls from one to the other. An interesting fact is the reverse order of focus. It’s also important that staff know the exact location of the apartments, so think of a key scale for each key signature and practice handwriting them.
In the fifth circle, the Flat Key Sequence is counter-clockwise. Each key is P5 lower than the previous one, and the number of apartments increases by every P5. Below is a cross section of a circle showing keys with fields.
The left side of the fifth circle shows flats as if the player dropped a perfect five.
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Here you can see these keys on a piano keyboard going from P5 to C to C♭. Play these notes on the keyboard and think about the number of spaces for each key.
It is a full circle with all major keys and their corresponding minor keys. Be careful.
You might be surprised to learn that the wheel shows 15 major keys, even though there are only 12 holes in an octave. five-pointed or flat; Because there are three strong sets of six and seven keys. You can look at it this way: seven sharp keys; seven keys with apartments; plus C major.
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If you’re sure you can memorize the Fifth Circle, here’s a handy workshop from MusicTheory.net to help you understand major keys. Try it and see how you do. If it doesn’t work the way you want, continue with this lesson.
Writing It is important to repeat the scales daily by singing and playing the keyboard. Be patient with yourself in this process. It takes time and consistency to absorb music theory and integrate it into your ears. A thorough knowledge of scales and keys will help you master chords in intervals and beyond. By building blocks of sound; Intervals (especially thirds and fifths) will be the basis for understanding harmony. We can go deeper, but I get it – you’re in a rush today and you want to know: how do I do this? Looking for the key to a song?
Adding it to your checklist sounds really legal, though. It will happen automatically in a few seconds.
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With a little practice, you’ll be able to “read” a song or snapshot of a song.
I’ll explain them one by one, but I’d say you should go through this checklist when trying to determine the key of a piece.
Probably the easiest way to determine the key is if the song you wrote tells you the key.
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